Reference template

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a) You should use “, et al” when authors are over three, if not, you should list all their names.


b) You should write from authors’ family names, (given names) to last names in order, no matter the authors are from China or other countries.


c) Source type marks

Monograph[M], Collected Papers[C], Journal Article[J], Dissertation[D], Report[R], Standard[S], Patent[P], Newspaper[N], Database[DB], Electronic Bulletin[EB], Magnetic Tape[MT],Disc[DK],Compact Disc[CD], Online[OL].


d) Monograph

[sequence number] author name. title:other information[source type mark]. Other related names. edition. publishing place:publisher, publishing year:page numbers[accessed date(for online sources)]. available at (full URL). Example:

[1] 庄茁,由小川,廖剑晖,等. 基于ABAQUS的有限元分析和应用[M]. 北京:清华大学出版社,2009.

 (ZHUANG Z, YOU X C, LIAO J H, et al. Finite element analysis and application based on ABAQUS[M]. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2009.)

[2]赵耀东.新时代的工业工程师 [M/OL].台北:天下文化出版社,1998[1998-09-26].

 (ZHAO Y D. Industrial engineer in the new era[M/OL]. Taibei: Tianxia Wenhua Press, 1998[1998-09-26].


e) Monograph article

[sequence number] name. article title[source type mark]//other related responsible person’s name. Monograph title:other title related information. edition. publishing place:publisher, publishing year:page number[accessed date]. available at (full URL). Example:

[1] WEINSTEIN L, SWERTZ M N. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganism[M]//SODEMAN W, Jr, SODEMAN W A. Pathologic Physiology: Mechanisms of Disease. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1974:745-772.

[2] FOURNEY M E. Advances in holographic photoelasticity[C]//PATTLE L W, COX B J. Electronic Resources: Selection and Bibliographic Control. New York: The Haworth Press, 1996:85-96.

[3] YOO H M, YAMAGUCHI M. Interfacial structures and mechanical properties of titanium aluminides[M]//LI J C M. Microstructure and Properties of Materials: Volume 2. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd, 2000: 79-138.


f) Journal article

[sequence number] name. article title[J].serial publication name:other name information,year,volume (issue):page number[accessed data]. available at (full URL). Example:

[1] 莫少强.数字式中文文献格式的设计与研究[J/OL].情报学报,1999,18(4):1-6[2001-07-08].

[2] YAMADA T, ISHIHARA M, HASEGAWA M. Large area coating of grapheme at low temperature using a roll-to-roll microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition[J]. Thin Solid Films, 2013, 532: 89-93. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2012.12.102.

[3] CAPLAN P. Cataloging internet resources[J].The Public Access Computer Systems Review, 1993, 4(2):61-66.


g) Patent

[sequence number] patent holder. patent name:country,patent number [source type mark/(electronic source mark)]. date of publication[accessed date]. available at (full URL). Example:

[1] 河北绿洲生态环境科技有限责任公司.一种荒漠地区生态植被综合培育种植方法:中国, 0129210.5[P/OL].2001-10-24[2002-05-28]. .asp? recid=01129210.5&leixin.

[2] 刘宇艳,万志敏,谭惠丰, 等. 形状记忆复合材料及其制备方法: 中国, 101186742[P]. 2008-5-28.

(LIU Y Y, WAN Z M, TAN H F, et al. The preparation of a shape memory composite: China, 101186742[P]. 2008-5-28.) 



[sequence number] name. title[D]. publishing place: publisher, publishing year.

[1] 唐邦铭. 先进复合材料树脂膜渗透形成及其高性能化技术研究[D]. 北京:北京航空材料研究院,2005.

 (TANG B M. Study on resin film infusion technique of advanced composite and its performance enhancing[D]. Beijing: Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials,2005. )


i)Electronic sources

[sequence number] name. title[source type mark/electronic source mark].publishing place:publisher, publishing year (updated or revised date)[accessed date]. available at (full URL). Examples:[1] PACS-L:the public-access computer systems forum [EB/OL]. Houston, TEX: University of Houston Libraries, 1981[1995-05-17].

[2] Online Computer Library Center, Inc. History of OCLC [EB/OL]. [2000-01-08].

[3] HOPKINSON A. UNIMARC and metadata: Dublin Core [EB/OL]. [1999-12-08].

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